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The Greeks founded new cities in the area of modern-day Jordan, including Umm Qays, Jerash and Amman.
Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Macedonian ruler of Egypt, who occupied and rebuilt the city, named it "Philadelphia", which means "brotherly love" in Greek.
Despite the damage brought by urban expansion, the remains of 'Ain Ghazal provided a wealth of information.
These statues are human figures made with white plaster, with painted clothes, hair, and in some cases ornamental tattoos.
Excavations by archaeologists near Amman Civil Airport uncovered a temple, which included an altar containing many human bone fragments.
The bones showed evidence of burning, which led to the assumption that the altar functioned as a pyre.
Its successor was known as "Rabbath Ammon", which was the capital of the Ammonites, then as "Philadelphia", and finally as Amman.
Ammon provided several natural resources to the region, including sandstone and limestone, along with a productive agricultural sector that made Ammon a vital location along the King's Highway, the ancient trade route connecting Egypt with Mesopotamia, Syria and Anatolia.
Today, several Ammonite ruins across Amman exist, such as Qasr Al-Abd, Rujm Al-Malfouf and some parts of the Amman Citadel.
The ruins of Rujm Al-Malfouf consist of a stone watchtower used to ensure protection of their capital and several store rooms to the east.
Thirty-two figures were found in two caches, fifteen of them full figures, fifteen busts, and two fragmentary heads.
Three of the busts were two-headed, the significance of which is not clear.